Myopia Equals Nearsightedness
Myopia, or nearsightedness, is when you have difficulty seeing items clearly in the distance. You can see items that are close to you but anything further away looks blurry.
Myopia is either the result of the eyeball being too long or from having a cornea that is too steep. Light entering the eye gets focused in front of the retina causing distant objects to look out of focus.
What Causes Nearsightedness?
The American Optometric Association states that nearly 30% of the United States population has myopia. Nearsightedness may be heredity or the result of continual up close work which causes visual stress in your eyes.
- Computer work
- Playing video games
- Working on embroidery, jewelry making or other hobbies that require close-up focus
Temporary myopia might be a result of certain health condition like diabetes, as elevated blood sugar can cause problems with your vision. Nearsightedness is often an early sign of cataract development. When in doubt, schedule an appointment for an eye examination with a Doctor of Optometry or ophthalmologist.
Eye Exams Detect Vision Problems
A trip to the eye doctor for a routine eye exam can tell you your prescription for what type of glasses you need to correct any vision problems. Your eye care professional will do a variety of tests, including a visual acuity test using an eye chart, to test your overall eye health.
Once the exam is complete, your optometrist will prescribe either corrective eyeglasses or contact lenses to help you see clearly. Depending on how severe your myopia is you may only need to wear the glasses while doing certain activities such as driving or watching a movie.
Myopia Treatment Options
Besides wearing glasses, there are other ways to treat nearsightedness that eliminates the need to wear glasses.
- Orthokeratology therapy
- Laser surgery
- Intraocular lens implant
- Vision therapy for people with temporary myopia
Recent studies suggest a link between spending time outdoors and delaying the onset of myopia in children: Playing Outdoors Reduces Child’s Risk of Myopia.